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Cultural Competence and Ethnic Diversity in Healthcare Essay
Begin reviewing and replying to peer postings/responses early in the week to enhance peer discussion. See the rubric for participation points. Participate in the discussion by asking a question, providing a statement of clarification, providing viewpoints with a rationale, challenging aspects of the discussion, or indicating relationships between two or more lines of reasoning in the discussion. Always use constructive language, even in criticism, to work toward the goal of positive progress.Cultural Competence and Ethnic Diversity in Healthcare Essay
Post your initial response to the topic below.
Identify two strategies you can implement to provide comfort to maintain function with an ethnically diverse older adult with a chronic disease?
These strategies can be nutrition, ADLs, exercise, etc.
Albeit living with chronic illness is a reality for most of more established adults in the United States, there are huge differences in chronic illness predominance across racial and ethnic gatherings (Gallant, Spitze, & Grove, 2010). Moreover, racial and ethnic minorities experience more noteworthy intricacies and higher passing rates from most chronic illnesses (Gallant, Spitze, & Grove, 2010). To lessen these variations in chronic illness results, we have to more readily see how individuals from these gatherings live with and oversee chronic illnesses, so as to structure successful mediation techniques that will improve chronic illness results. Adherence to chronic illness self-care regimens and practices is a long way from ideal. Thus, an intensive comprehension of the variables that impact chronic illness self-care has significant ramifications for more seasoned adults’ prosperity. Little consideration has been paid to racial/ethnic minority populations in the chronic illness self-care writing, neither particularly among more seasoned adults nor to racial variety in self-care practices (Gallant, Spitze, & Grove, 2010).Cultural Competence and Ethnic Diversity in Healthcare Essay
Multimorbidity, characterized as at least two co-happening chronic diseases, is basic in mature age, exceptionally impairing, and expensive (Quiñones, et.al, 2019). A developing collection of work verifies the intensifying impacts of multimorbidity on health results past the danger inferable from singular diseases and distinguishes explicit racial and ethnic gatherings that are at more serious danger of helpless results. Be that as it may, hardly any examinations have reported the beginning and movement of multimorbidity for various population subgroups after some time. The U.S. Branch of Health and Human Services wrote about outstanding holes in clinical and research practice and featuring the need to distinguish and comprehend aberrations identified with race and ethnicity (Quiñones, et.al, 2019).
Though the most recent 50 years has brought about significant life span gains for more seasoned adults in the U.S. these upgrades have not been all inclusive. Eased back and in any event, declining patterns for the weakest more established adults are clear, an unfortunate and particular pattern that remains rather than other high-pay nations (Quiñones, et.al, 2019). For sure, more seasoned in danger adults among them ladies, underrepresented racial and ethnic minorities, and adults with low instructive fulfillment or low financial status are living for expanded times of their lives in more wiped out and more debilitated states and are at most serious danger for untimely bleakness and mortality. Regardless of some proof that high chronic disease trouble lopsidedly impacts racial and ethnic minorities, it is muddled how chronic diseases amass differentially in mid-and late-life for particular population gatherings.Cultural Competence and Ethnic Diversity in Healthcare Essay
To serve the needs of a diverse population, it is imperative that the healthcare system take measures to improve cultural competence, as well as racial and ethnic diversity (Nair & Adetayo, 2019). Implementing two strategies to help an ethnically diverse older adult maintain function can be challenging which is why it would be important to perform a thorough assessment to determine their needs, wants, and musts. Asking and becoming aware of this could make things easier and allow for better outcomes. Two things that come to mind with me are the different kinds of nutrition within different cultures, that are an essential part of some populations and adding this into their daily routine can make them feel more at home and comfortable improving overall well being. Determining their physical mobility status and ability to perform ADL’s is essential to determine what they are able and unable to do and what kind of assistance they may need. Chronic disabilities can alter functioning and mobility, however, interventions may vary across the board depending on what the patient wants or needs. Determining their support systems can make a difference, but adding an exercise regimen and doing therapy can help one become stronger which could allow them to meet their needs more efficiently.Cultural Competence and Ethnic Diversity in Healthcare Essay
Cultural Diversity in the Health Care Setting Cultural diversity in the health care setting is increasing each year. Knowing how to care for patients of different religious and spiritual faiths is essential to providing high-quality, patient-centered care. The author of this paper will research three lesser-known religions; Taoism, Sikhism and Shamanism. Through this paper, she will provide a brief background on each of the three religions and present information regarding spiritual perspectives on healing, critical components of healing and health care considerations associated with each religion.
Taoism is an ancient Chinese religion dating back to the sixth century. The basic foundation of Taoism is a life philosophy and method…show more content…
The first is qigong which is a health practice that utilizes body movement, breathing techniques and mental focus to assist in healing, relaxation and reconnecting (Winn, 2009). Next is that art of meditation. Meditation is an important element in the Tao religion. Many Taoists practice meditation to achieve mental serenity and heighten mental awareness. There are also various forms of exercise, such as yoga and Tai Chi, and therapies, acupuncture and moxibustion, which Taoists use to restore balance within the body and achieve healing. Cultural Competence and Ethnic Diversity in Healthcare Essay
Health Care Considerations When caring for Taoist’s patients, the most important thing to remember is their need to restore balance. For them, this may not be achieved through traditional medical practice; however, this does not mean that we should do nothing. Taoists do not believe in artificial or arbitrary healing. Healing must be natural and spontaneous (Tai, 2009). If we try to force medical treatments on them, it may in turn do more harm than good and cause great suffering. Taoists see artificial treatment as a source of evil; however, if the treatment follows the flow of Tao, it is regarded as natural and therefore allowed (Tai, 2009). For example, if a Taoist patient is in need of mechanical ventilation to sustain life, it is no longer natural. The only way to natural care for that patient, without disrupting the Tao, is to provide palliative care and ultimately let the
Culture can be identified as norms, beliefs and customs that define a specific community or society. In the past centuries, we could determine that culture has adopted a fluid nature. This fluid nature has been facilitated by inter-cultural interactions all over the world. As a result, all institutions in the society have had to adapt to this new cultural character in the 21st century. The health care department has been forefront on ensuring that all of their interactions are sensitive to the various cultures they engage within their operations. Therefore, we can clearly identify the importance of cultural diversity in health care. This is through the fact that the health care institution is dependent on communication. By the basis of sharing the same, language, ethnicity, nationality and religion, culture will be a major determinant in the process of expressing ourselves as individuals or groups (Carter, 1999).
Cultural competence is known as the process of applying cultural knowledge, awareness and sensitivity in the process of interacting with the society. Cultural knowledge is identified as the cultural characteristics of a specific individual while cultural awareness is categorized as the process of an individual being open to the idea that each culture defines itself. Likewise, cultural sensitivity recognizes the differences that exist among the defined cultures in the society. Cultural Competence and Ethnic Diversity in Healthcare Essay
It can be easily perceived that cultural, ethnic, and racial disparities exist in all
Cultural Competency In A Healthcare Setting
Healthcare is a very fundamental and sensitive area for any nation’s well being. This coerces the need for the relationship between the medical professionals and their patients to be professional and accommodating. In a recent study by the United States Census Bureau, the populace of America would have a greater percentage of foreigners, thirty five percent, by the year 2020, which would be at least, seven percent higher than the year 2000 (Goldsmith, 2000). It is evident that coexistence of people with mixed and diverse races is gaining popularity with time. Having different cultures and practices, the need to deliver professional services to the people has been of great concern. This is especially in the healthcare sector where all patients should feel comfortable with their service providers.Cultural Competence and Ethnic Diversity in Healthcare Essay
According to, Betancourt(2002) “Cultural competence in health care describes the ability of systems to provide care to patients with diverse values, beliefs and behaviors, including tailoring delivery to meet patients’ social, cultural, and linguistic needs.” (Pg v). Considering the diverse population in a nation like the United States, the formulation of a system that can cater for both the natives and foreigners does the country much good. It also gives the service providers much wider knowledge on the different groups of people, their races, language used and cultural practices. They therefore learn to appreciate them more rather that consistently criticize and discriminate.Cultural Competence and Ethnic Diversity in Healthcare Essay
The organizational structure and management of the healthcare providers is therefore mandated to ensure that its staff is fully competent in terms of providing services to different groups of people. There may be evident barriers in their interaction for instance, language barriers, where the patient cannot adequately communicate with the doctor or nurse. This should however not be a hindrance as they are appropriately trained to be patient. Difference in race and nationality should however not be considered a barrier and the service providers should not show any form of disparity in such instances. The health providers adequately assess these factors to ensure they appropriately exercise cultural competence.
Importance of Cultural Competency Care
People of different races and culture all have the need to receive proper health services regardless of the whether they are citizens of the nation or not. The healthcare organization is therefore obligated to sensitize its staff on the importance of cultural competence. Cultural Competence and Ethnic Diversity in Healthcare Essay According to Sharrie, Karen, Johanna, and Umi, (2002), “Throughout the nation, a growing consensus is emerging about the nature and importance of cultural competence as an essential component of accessible, responsive, and high quality health care.” (Pg 1). When this issue of culturally competent care for patients is adequately addressed, the health personnel will have diversity in workforce and leadership in their care, thus effectively handling each patient as recommended. It is also important since needs of the various patients are met and enhances proper communication by the different cultured patients and the health providers (Betancourt, 2002).
Healthcare organizations addressing the issue of competence when dealing with different cultures, has also been observed to do away with racism. As the medical officers become friendly and professional with the patients, they learn to appreciate the culture of different people. Though not in an extensive capacity, the foreign patients also learn to appreciate the professionalism of the medics, thus, their culture as well. Betancourt, (2002) stated that, “… help organizations frame and organize their perspectives and activities related to the assessment of cultural competence.” (Pg 3).
Organizational and Management Strategy For Addressing Diversity
According to, Cordova, Beaudin, Kelly, Christy and Iwanabe, 2010) (Cordova, Beaudin, Kelly, Christy and Iwanabe, (2010), “Healthcare leaders are influential in shaping the future of the organization through strategic planning and resource allocation to those efforts that enhance services, programs, and processes that support a culture of diversity and equity.” For an organization to effectively address this issue, it has to satisfactorily identify and categorize the barriers and differences that exist among the people. These could be, cultural, racial and language. The organization should also access the level of diversity among its staff. This is whether they are of similar or dissimilar race and culture. It also entails determining the staffs’ perception towards different cultures and races, whether accommodating or discriminating. The organization could incorporate three concepts to address diversity.Cultural Competence and Ethnic Diversity in Healthcare Essay
There can be application of public policies to address the issue of diversity. The organization can ensure existence and strict application of rules and regulations that will govern the medical field with regard to diversity. They can see to it that there are impositions of laws that are legally binding to ensure proper healthcare to diverse cultures and races (Cordova, Beaudin, Kelly, Christy and Iwanabe, 2010). The health organization and management could also adopt a clinical practice that will effectively ensure cultural competence is observed such that all the patients regardless of their ethnicity or race are fully attended to. This will enhance the treatment as well as fidelity to the hospital or health centre. The management can also instill values to its staff that will promote a cultured team from the management to the subordinates. This is organizational behavior and eliminates chances of unfairness and unequal treatment of patients. (Dreachslin, Weech-Maldonado, and Dansky 2004).
Healthcare Providers Effectiveness of Cultural Competence
Following the sensitization of the healthcare providers and medical staff on the increasing diversity of the populace following the settling of foreigners, they have become aware that those people are of varying cultures and adopted techniques and ways of handling different people. As this is a rapidly growing change, the healthcare providers have become more efficient and perfected the art of dealing with patients in consideration to their cultures, thus, effectiveness. According to Wisneski, and Anderson, (2009), “… developing clinical excellence and strong therapeutic alliances with patients.” (Pg 322). This is a clear indication that as a result of addressing the issue of cultural competence, the health providers have become greatly effective in service provision. They have also adequately embraced their own cultures and those of their patients, thus, culturally competent.Cultural Competence and Ethnic Diversity in Healthcare Essay
Wisneski, and Anderson, (2009), stated/argued that “… improved awareness and understanding of the impact of cultural influences on the ability to provide good quality healthcare to patients from any ethnic background.” (Pg 322). This clearly shows that the health professionals have become effective in their provision of services since they are capable of sufficiently handling patients with varying ethnicities. They are therefore cultural competent in the sense that they do not show any signs of no appreciation towards other races but on the contrary, they demonstrate total understanding.
Patients’ View and Perception of Cultural Competency
Under most circumstances, patients always presume that they may not be treated well by people who do not belong to their ethnic group or who do not share in their culture. They may also have the perception that the health staff is not culturally competent as they need be in order to deliver to all patients without disparity. In a study carried out, most patients not of the white race in America perceived that, Johnson, Saha, Cooper, and Arbelaez, (2004), “they would have received better medical care if they belonged to a different race/ethnic group and medical staff judged them unfairly or treated them with disrespect based on race/ethnicity.” This shows that most patients were not yet satisfied with the kind of treatment that they received from health providers and believed that they were not yet culturally competent.Cultural Competence and Ethnic Diversity in Healthcare Essay
Most patients also perceive healthcare to be discriminatory in terms of the costs. They argue that it is not cost effective and not many people can get access to proper medical services. These perceptions and views have however been changing with time as the health workers become more sensitized with time and open minded towards the reception of people who do not belong to their race. The patients have also increasingly changed their perception that they are judged and treated depending on their skin color or nationality.Cultural Competence and Ethnic Diversity in Healthcare Essay
The topic on cultural competence has increasingly become sensitized in healthcare service provision and the medical field. People in the medical field have increasingly become aware of the importance of treating all their patients equally and attending to them without disparity. The healthcare organizations and managements have also devised techniques that ensure all their staff is culturally competent and fit to handle any kind of patient. This is because of many patients feeling that they are not fairly treated and attended to. They feel that they would be treated better if they belonged to a different race or ethnic group, or if they were natives of the particular country. Consequently, the health providers have become more effective following their competence in their profession and culturally. Cultural Competence and Ethnic Diversity in Healthcare Essay