PHI 210 Week 6 Assignment Exam 1 STR

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PHI 210 Week 6 Assignment Exam 1 STR

PHI 210 Week 6 Assignment Exam 1 STR

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Week 6 Assignment Exam 1

Question 1

In everyday speech, an argument usually means a heated disagreement in which the goal is to “win” by _________ the other person.

Question 2

Maggie’s friends don’t want to attend school today; they think it would be much more fun to stay home and play video games. Maggie thinks it would be wrong to stay home and decides to go to school without them. Maggie is being:

Question 3

Which of the following is a core skill of critical thinking?

Question 4

A person who is humble and understands what they know, and is aware of what they do not know is considered ____________.

Question 5

When we describe someone as “critical” we usually mean they have a(n) ________ orientation.

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Question 6

Which strategy helps combat hostility?

Question 7

For much of her life, Kaiden has volunteered with the Red Cross and considers this to be part of her identity. Which of these scenarios would suggest that Kaiden’s ability to think critically has been hindered by this aspect of her identity?

Question 8

Which of the following BEST summarizes the relationship between pride and bias?

Question 9

Johann’s sister believes that eating soy is healthy, but Johann believes it is not. To gather more information on the topic, Johann types “dangers of eating soy” into an Internet search engine and reads only the web articles that come up. Johann is guilty of which bias?

Question 10

Juan was raised on a chicken farm. During his first semester in college, he attended a talk about animal rights in modern farming practices. Juan felt personally attacked during this talk. What should Juan do to combat his emotions so he can think critically about his beliefs?

Question 11

Which of the following qualifies as an argument?

Question 12

Arguments make the process of thinking visible. Which of the following statements makes the process of thinking MOST visible?

Question 13

Damien must have eaten shellfish at dinner, because now he is having an allergic reaction. What is the unstated assumption in this enthymeme?

Question 14

Tavia is making an argument that a particular cable service provider has the most satisfied customers in her community. The support for her inductive argument would be strongest if she used which of the following methods to gather facts?

Question 15

Eating candy every day places a person at risk of contracting diabetes. Jackie eats a bag of candy every day. Therefore, _________. Which of the following completes this deductive argument?

Question 16

Jose really likes bacon and wants to wrap bacon around all of the appetizers to be served at a dinner party. Sarah disagrees and suggests guests might want a “bacon-free” option. Jose claims that no one should listen to Sarah because she is a crazy vegetarian. This is a(n) _________ fallacy.

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Question 17

Which of the following represents an “appeal to popularity” fallacy?

Question 18

In February, 2012, bill C-30 “Protecting Children from Internet Predators Act” was introduced in the House of Commons of Canada. Despite extensive Privacy Commission concerns about “warrant-less access” to all Canadian Internet and cell phone accounts under the proposed legislation, Canadian Public Safety Minister Vic Toews said “â ¦either stand with us or with the child pornographers.” This is a(n) _________ fallacy.

Question 19

A commercial advertising a particular brand of baking powder shows a cozy scene involving a family at Christmastime laughing together while baking Christmas cookies to leave out for Santa Claus. The commercial’s implication that you should buy their baking powder so you can enjoy the same feelings of warmth and happiness commits which fallacy?

Question 20

_________ is characterized by claiming that because something cannot be proven false, it must be true unless the opponent can disprove the conclusion.

Question 21

Meghan is studying alternative medicine. She has been reading articles on the web about the benefits and risks of ingesting herbs to alleviate common medical conditions. Which of the following questions should help her to determine the perspective of a particular website?

Question 22

Don was researching apple production for a farm stand orchard. He found a .com that discussed apple production and sold apple cider, a .com that discussed apple production and sold dried fruit, a .org that educated the community growing apple trees, and a .org that advocated for removing genetically modified (GMO) trees from orchards. Based upon what you know about website types and target audiences, which site contains the MOST bias?

Question 23

A geologist has been studying a particular type of rock for almost 25 years. He recently had some ideas about cloud formations and shared them in a journal article. Which of the following led to a loss in the expert’s credibility?

Question 24

Don was researching apple production for a farm stand orchard. He found a .com that discussed apple production and sold apple cider, a .com that discussed apple production and sold dried fruit, a .org that educated the community on growing apple trees, and a .org that advocated for removing genetically modified (GMO) trees from orchards. Based upon what you know about website types and target audiences, which site should Don consider the MOST credible?

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Question 25

A medical expert is famous for his research in the field of hypertension. An international drug company pays him to lecture at conferences to endorse their new hypertension drug. Which of the following could lead to a loss in the expert’s credibility?

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