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Discussion Paper: Displaying Data
Discussion Paper: Displaying Data
Visual displays of data provide you and anyone else with a graphical display of what is often a complex array of quantitative data. A key strength of visualization is the ability to quickly enlighten you with key data. Rather than solely relying on your audience to interpret numerical values and statistics explained in a narrative, a visual display can easily illustrate descriptions, relationships, and trends. Although the focus is on simplicity, the researcher has an obligation to present these graphical displays in a clear and meaningful way. Discussion Paper: Displaying Data
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For this Discussion, you will explore ways to appropriately display data.
To prepare for this Discussion:
- Review the Learning Resources for this week related to frequency distributions and graphic displays of data.
- Using the SPSS software, open the General Social Survey dataset found in this week’s Learning Resources.
- Next, create a figure or table from a few selected variables within the dataset.
- Finally, think about what is good about how the data are displayed in the figure or table you created and what is not so good.
Frankfort-Nachmias, C., Leon-Guerrero, A., & Davis, G. (2020). Social statistics for a diverse society (9th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
- Chapter 2, “The Organization and Graphic Presentation Data” (pp. 27-74)
Wagner, III, W. E. (2020). Using IBM® SPSS® statistics for research methods and social science statistics (7th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
- Chapter 5, “Charts and Graphs”
- Chapter 11, “Editing Output”
Be sure to support your Main Post and Response Post with reference to the week’s Learning Resources and other scholarly evidence in APA Style.
6210 Week 2 Discussion How To Complete The Discussion Requirement
(From Dr. Bill: Check the Announcements for How To Complete The Week 2 Assignment)
An excellent response post will address the following requirements:
Review the Learning Resources for this week related to graphic displays of data.
Especially, view the Skill Builders: 1) Visual Displays for Continuous Variables and 2) Visual Displays for Categorical Variables. Learn the following:
Categorical variables = nominal and ordinal variables.
Continuous variables = interval and ratio variables
Note: some graphs, charts, etc. are appropriate for displaying categorical variables and some are appropriate for continuous variables. Do not mix them up!
Note: social scientists like to pretend that ordinal variables are continuous. Don’t do this.
Open SPSS and then open the General Social Survey (GSS) dataset. Look in Learning Resources for the GSS dataset.
Select 1 Scale (interval or ratio) variable and 1 Nominal variable from the data set. Remember to scroll to the Measure column in the dataset to identify your variables’ Level of Measurement.
Use the Graphs tool from the top menu in SPSS and create a display for each of the 2 variables you chose.
Your APA Manual states that your display should be simple, clear, easy to read, and easy to understand. In a couple of sentences, explain why your display has these attributes but make sure your explanation is simple, clear, easy to read, and easy to understand. Avoid rolling your eyes as you write your explanation.
Post your displays and explanation on the discussion board. Here’s how:
Right-click on your chart and choose Export.
In Document Type, choose None (Graphics only).
Near the bottom, in Graphics Type, choose PNG file.
In your post, on the third toolbar, click the second icon from the left (Insert/Edit Image).
Note: your chart will appear wherever your cursor is when you click the icon; be sure you’re down a few lines so you can type above and below the chart.
Find the file you exported and insert it; do this for each image.
Right click on the chart if you need to resize it.
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IBM SPSS v27 Installation and Registration (Mac)
The following set of instructions will walk you through installing IBM SPSS on your
SPSS version 27 is compatible on the following Mac Operating Systems:
• OS Catalina 10.15 (see release notes for important tips)
• OS Mojave 10.14
• OS High Sierra 10.13
• OS Sierra 10.12
We suggest that you first obtain the SPSS license code before you begin
Students may obtain the SPSS license code from this link:
Faculty may obtain the SPSS license code from this link:
Simply copy and paste the code into a Word document so that you have it available
when prompted to enter it at the end of the installation sequence. You can always enter
the code later; however, having it on hand to enter during the installation is much easier.
SPSS software installation link for the MAC is given below.
UA.pkg/SS_CLIENT_27.0_MAC_OS_MULTILINGUA.pkg This installation requires at
least 1GB of free space on your computer. Because of the large size of the installation
file, it is recommended that you are on a DSL or better internet connection. Even with a
strong internet connection, the installation may still take up to 30 minutes or longer.
While the tool is installing, you may continue to work within other applications on your
Note: Java Runtime Environment must be installed on your computer in order for SPSS
to run. If you experience any issues with SPSS or if you are prompted, you may install
Java SE Runtime Environment 7u45 from the Oracle website.https://alaureatena.sharepoint.com/sites/walden-university/student-documents/spss/Pages/default.aspxhttps://alaureatena.sharepoint.com/sites/walden-university/student-documents/spss/Pages/default.aspxhttp://mym.cdn.laureate-media.com/2dett4d/software/IBM/SPSS/v27/SS_CLIENT_27.0_MAC_OS_MULTILINGUA.pkghttp://mym.cdn.laureate-media.com/2dett4d/software/IBM/SPSS/v27/SS_CLIENT_27.0_MAC_OS_MULTILINGUA.pkghttp://mym.cdn.laureate-media.com/2dett4d/software/IBM/SPSS/v27/SS_CLIENT_27.0_MAC_OS_MULTILINGUA.pkg
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When prompted, download the file on your computer. (Note: Depending on your browser, this screen may look a little different.) This step may take up to about 20 minutes if you are on a 128 Kbps internet connection. Once the file has been saved, run the file.
The install wizard will appear. Click Continue to review the License Agreement.
Review the License Agreement, then click Continue.
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Click Agree to continue with the software installation.
Select the destination on your computer where you wish to save the file. Then click Continue. The default install location will automatically be chosen. You can change this in the next step.
If you wish to change the installation location, click the Change Install Location button and browse to your desired location. Then click on Install to begin installation. The install may take several minutes depending on the speed of your computer.
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Once the install has completed, click Close and navigate to the License Authorization Wizard. Note: The License Authorization Wizard should have automatically launched when the installation completed.
When you locate the License Authorization Wizard, click on the Next button.
When prompted, for the license type, select Authorized user license and click Next.
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If you haven’t already done so, obtain the SPSS license code: Students may obtain the SPSS
license code from this link:
Faculty may obtain the SPSS
license code from this link:
Copy that code and paste it into the Enter Code field. Then click the Add button to add your license to the product. Finally, click Next to continue. This code will only license the software until September 30. At that time, you will need to access the page referenced above to receive an updated license code. For instructions on how to update your license, access the following link – http://mym.cdn.laureate- media.com/2dett4d/Walden/softwa re/IBM/SPSS/Documents/WAL_S PSS_Updating_an_%20Expired_ %20License.pdfhttps://alaureatena.sharepoint.com/sites/walden-university/student-documents/spss/Pages/default.aspxhttps://alaureatena.sharepoint.com/sites/walden-university/student-documents/spss/Pages/default.aspxhttps://alaureatena.sharepoint.com/sites/walden-university/student-documents/spss/Pages/default.aspxhttps://alaureatena.sharepoint.com/sites/walden-university/student-documents/spss/Pages/default.aspxhttp://mym.cdn.laureate-media.com/2dett4d/Walden/software/IBM/SPSS/Documents/WAL_SPSS_Updating_an_%20Expired_%20License.pdfhttp://mym.cdn.laureate-media.com/2dett4d/Walden/software/IBM/SPSS/Documents/WAL_SPSS_Updating_an_%20Expired_%20License.pdfhttp://mym.cdn.laureate-media.com/2dett4d/Walden/software/IBM/SPSS/Documents/WAL_SPSS_Updating_an_%20Expired_%20License.pdfhttp://mym.cdn.laureate-media.com/2dett4d/Walden/software/IBM/SPSS/Documents/WAL_SPSS_Updating_an_%20Expired_%20License.pdf
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If your code is authorized, you will receive a notice indicating that your authorization was successful. Click on the Next button to continue. Discussion Paper: Displaying Data
You should then receive confirmation that your copy of SPSS has been licensed. Click the Finish to complete the setup.
SPSS will then be ready for use.
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Please note: This copy of SPSS is provided to Walden students solely for academic
purposes (completing required course work) and is not authorized for commercial or
personal application outside of your Walden assignments and research.