Assignment: Social Change Portfolio

Assignment: Social Change Portfolio

Assignment: Social Change Portfolio

Part 3: Theories of Prevention

Theories of prevention can guide practitioners in studying a health or societal problem and in planning solutions (National Cancer Institute, 2005). For this Assignment, you will consider which theories are applicable to the community problem you are investigating, and you will evaluate the implications for solutions.


To Prepare:

  • Review and incorporate the previous feedback you received from your instructor and colleagues on the      Introduction, Parts 1 and 2 of your Social Change Portfolio and finalize these parts for final review.
  • Review the Learning Resources for this week and consider Theories of Prevention related to a community problem.
  • Create a section in your Social      Change Portfolio called “Part 3: Theories of Prevention” and add an      applicable theory(ies) and include the following:
    • 1 or 2 theories that you can apply to a prevention program to address the       target problem you identified in Week 2 and justify why this theory(ies) is/are appropriate for the problem and population you have identified
    • Briefly summarize research support for the theory or theories you chose
    • Identify an existing evidence-based program for this target problem

Submit your updated Social Change Portfolio which includes the updated Introduction and Parts 1, 2, and 3. (What are the consequences of not having access to services in Waco?  What are the consequences regarding the African American community, families, businesses, education, etc?  Tell me more about why this is important for Waco?  Make sure to proofread as there were at least two spelling errors that I think were just typos.  Also, make sure to make your goal prevention oriented.).

Required Readings

Raczynski, K., Waldo, M., Schwartz, J. P., & Horne (2013). Evidence-based prevention. In R. K. Conyne & A. M. Horne (Eds.). Prevention practice kit: Action guides for mental health professionals (pp. 1-83). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

National Cancer Institute (2005). Theory at a glance: A guide for health promotion practice. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: National Institutes of Health.

Promising Practices Network (2014). What works for children and families. Retrieved from

Institute of Education Sciences (n.d.). What works clearinghouse. Retrieved from

Social Programs that Work (2018). What works in social policy? Retrieved from (n.d.). Preventive care. Retrieved from

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    COUN 6785: Social Change in Action:

    Prevention, Consultation, and Advocacy

    Social Change Portfolio




    Below are the titles for each section of the Social Change Portfolio. To navigate directly to a particular section, hold down <ctrl> and click on the desired section below.




    Scope and Consequences


    Social-ecological Model


    Theories of Prevention


    Diversity and Ethical Considerations






    Lack of Resources for Black Community with Mental Health Problems in Waco, Texas.


    In Waco, Texas African Americans experience severe forms of mental health problems due to unmet needs. African Americans are more likely to socio-economic disparities that contribute to worst mental health problems. According to Health and Human Services office in regard to minority health, the experience of serious psychological distress is experienced 10% among the Black community. The resources available in Waco cannot be accessed by people of color because discrimination is dominant. Socio-economic play a crucial role in making treatment options for African Americans less available. 11% of African Americans in 2017 lacked health insurance in Waco, (CHNA, 2018). There is need to increase resources in Waco for African Americans with mental health problems.



    Lack of Resources for Black Community with Mental Health Problems in Waco, Texas.


    Millions of people are affected by mental illness every year in the United States. Suicide is reported as the second cause of deaths in the U.S that are connected to mental health problems that are not attended to. In 2017, 46.6 million adults which is 18.9% had mental illneses. African Americans affected were 28.6% and whites were 20.4%, (NAMI. (n.d). In 2020, mental illnesses have spurred due to the COVID-19 pandemic and its been overlooked which worsens the mental health position of Waco and national government generally.

    Consequences of mental health issues include; Untreated mental health impedes an individual’s ability to make healthy decisions. It can lead to development of diseases and complications such as high blood pressure, cancer and heart diseases or complications. The families of people with mental illneses are likely to strain economically and emotional distress. Mental illneses impedes an individual’s ability to work productively and cope with stress appropriately, (Dich,, 2019). The prospects of employment decline are due to mental health issues in Waco. The national economy is affected as a result and working age benefit costs are also compromised.

    Goal Statement: The black community with mental health problems in Waco deserve access to mental health care services through provision of resources to reduce its prevalence in the community.



    [Insert Title of Social Change Project here]


    Individual factors that impact mental health in this community include age, education levels where only 80% of adults in Waco have a high school degree and household income and unemployment rates are higher in Waco. Relationship with social environment of an individual plays a role in mental health prevalence in the community, (CDC, n.d). The community lacks resources to cater for the needs of African Americans with mental health issues. Society generally contributes to the discrimination of the African American in mental health care because it is rooted in our culture. This paper discusses how the social-ecological model can be used to help prevent this problem.


    Some protective factors for mental health problems include improved nutrition, improved housing, and improved daily exercises. When this type of individual eats well and does exercises, it’s fortunate that this illness cannot infect him/her.

    Some of the most common risk factors for mental health disorders include living a life full of stress, for example, due to financial and unemployment problems (McCormack et al. 2017). Drug and substance abuse are also risk factors that can generate this problem—even distressed sleep. Anxiety and depression are also individual built. Assignment: Social Change Portfolio


    Some protective factors for mental illness at this level include good parenting whereby parents can be drawn close to parents, express love, and give advice (Baiyewu & Bello, 2017). Also, family connectedness helps the individual and the family unite, interact, and converse to reach agreements.

    Risk factors include histories of mental illness whereby family members might have had the same problems. Also, factors such as poverty, marital difficulties such as divorce, poor communication between an individual and a family member, and parents’ substance abuse co-occur (Baiyewu & Bello, 2017). Child abuse is also a factor that can result in this illness.

    Peer groups

    Peer groups play a crucial role here because they can provide positive attitudes as well as beliefs. Also, to ensure the mentally ill person is thriving at school, they can be of help at all places where the individual needs assistance, for example, academically-oriented friends can help in studies. They ensure they motivate the individual by providing conflict of resolution skills.

    Risk factors that the peer group plays include engaging an individual who is mentally ill in activities such as substance and drug abuse (Jorm & Mulder, 2018). Some activities are so deviant and are caused by friends. Peer groups can also participate in bullying this kind of individuals, thus making it a risk factor for mental health problems.


    The community can help by endorsing an optimistic mental health atmosphere, which can be done by providing education. Also, training sessions can promote recovery for these individuals. Mental health promotion is another way that can be used to deal with this problem because it impacts mental health determinants, thus reducing inequalities and building social capital (Jorm & Mulder, 2018). Also, there is strengthening community networks and reducing economic security.

    Some risk factors include discrimination that makes a particular individual or group feel as not part of the community. Neighborhood violence and crimes are also risk factors that expose these kinds of individuals to more significant risks. Even unemployment and lack of education as well.




    [Insert Title of Social Change Project here]


    [Insert the content for this section here. See the instructions for Theories of Prevention section in Week 5 and follow the instructions this section closely. Be sure to attend to all bullet-points for this section found in the “To Prepare” area in week 5. Please write in full sentences using APA style].






    [Insert Title of Social Change Project here]


    [Insert the content for this section here. See the instructions for the Diversity and Ethical Considerations section in Week 6 and follow the instructions for this section closely. Be sure to attend to all bullet-points for this section found in the “To Prepare” area in week 6. Please write in full sentences using APA style].





    [Insert Title of Social Change Project here]


    [Insert the content for this section here. See the instructions for the Advocacy section in Week 7 and follow the instructions this section closely. Be sure to attend to all bullet-points for this section found in the “To Prepare” area in week 7. Please write in full sentences using APA style]. Assignment: Social Change Portfolio

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